This report consists of an annotated bibliography and summary review of the important literature on the use of sodium silicates in soil stabilization processes. Annotations are given for approximately 90 articles published between 1931 and 1965. On the basis of these articles the authors have summarized pertinent information on stabilizer properties, reaction mechanisms, injection methods of soil solidification, properties of stabilizer soil mixtures, and use of sodium silicates as dustproofers and waterproofers and as secondary additives with other stabilizers. There is some evidence that sodiumsilicate stabilization can increase the strength and durability of sandy soils or even relatively nonplastic finegrained soils under mild climatic conditions; however, there is almost no field evidence to justify its use when the stabilized material is subjected to the freezing and thawing cycles typical of temperature-to-cold climates. Sodium silicates with or without the addition of precipitants are of little value in dustproofing or waterproofing finegrained soils. On the other hand, laboratory tests seem to indicate that sodium silicate used as an additive can improve the strength and durability of soils stabilized with portland cement, lime, or lime-fly ash.

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    • Sponsored by Committee on Chemical Stabilization of Foundations. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Authors:
    • Hurley, Claude H
    • Thornburn, Thomas H
  • Publication Date: 1972

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 46-79
  • Monograph Title: Compaction and stabilization
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00043775
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ISBN 0-309-02050-6
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jun 1 1973 12:00AM