Models for Relief Routing: Equity, Efficiency and Efficacy

In humanitarian relief operations, vehicle routing and supply allocation decisions are critically important. Similar routing and allocation decisions are studied for commercial settings where efficiency, in terms of minimizing cost, is the primary objective. Humanitarian relief is complicated by the presence of multiple objectives beyond minimizing cost. Routing and allocation decisions should result in quick and sufficient distribution of relief supplies, with a focus on equitable service to all aid recipients. However, quantifying such goals can be challenging. In this paper, the authors define and formulate performance metrics in relief distribution. The authors focus on efficacy (i.e., the extent to which the goals of quick and sufficient distribution are met) and equity (i.e., the extent to which all recipients receive comparable service). The authors explore how efficiency, efficacy, and equity influence the structure of vehicle routes and the distribution of resources. The authors identify trends and routing principles for humanitarian relief based on the analytical properties of the resulting problems and a series of computational tests.


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  • Accession Number: 01345381
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 21 2011 10:08AM