Beyond the Inner City: New Form of Spatial Mismatch

In this study the job accessibility of low-income job seekers was compared with that of the affluent majority in a polycentric urban structure. Kain’s spatial mismatch hypothesis was extended not only to examine where and why low-income job seekers have lower job accessibility than high-income job seekers but also to compare changes from 1990 to 2000 in the Los Angeles, California, metropolitan area. The job accessibility measure applied in this research captured travel impedance and both job supply and demand. The results suggested that spatial mismatch still existed and that it continued to increase over time. However, the spatial pattern of mismatch had changed. Low-income job seekers were more disadvantaged in the inner-ring suburbs, mainly because of the lag in the residential suburbanization of low-income job seekers. This research contributed to the understanding of the extent and consequences of urban spatial transformation and suggested that social equity problems be addressed from a broader spatial perspective.


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01337655
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309167628
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 11-3067
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Apr 25 2011 7:04AM