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Title:

Blood, Urine, and Other Fluid and Tissue Specimens for Alcohol Analyses

Accession Number:

01164942

Record Type:

Component

Availability:

Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company, Incorporated

P.O. Box 30040
Tucson, AZ 85751-0040 USA

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Order URL: http://worldcat.org/isbn/9781933264585

Abstract:

This chapter describes that knowing the role that alcohol (ethyl alcohol, ethanol) plays is important in many social and legal situations. As a result, the determination of alcohol has undoubtedly been the most widely requested analysis in analytical toxicology. Alcohol tests are commonly conducted in specimens from both living and deceased persons. In either scenario, a decision must be made as to the type of specimen to be analyzed to facilitate the appropriate interpretation of the impact of alcohol in a particular case. Since alcohol affects the brain, a specimen that is reflective of the alcohol content of the brain is most useful. Because the blood compartment is in equilibrium with brain, the blood alcohol concentration is expected to best reflect the effects of alcohol on the brain. In view of the fact that the majority of tests will be conducted on living subjects, blood or a component of blood is most commonly used. In postmortem cases, the brain itself, among other specimens, becomes available; however, blood is still principally used since comparison to antemortem situations is often required. Blood, available with equal ease from living or deceased persons, becomes the most practical specimen; hence, the first step in the alcohol analysis is to obtain the proper blood specimens. It is important that the blood specimen, once drawn into a sterile vacuum tube, be properly handled until it reaches the laboratory for analysis.

Monograph Accession #:

01164957

Chapter:

5

Language:

English

Corporate Authors:

Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company, Incorporated

P.O. Box 30040
Tucson, AZ 85751-0040 USA

Authors:

Caplan, Yale H
Goldberger, Bruce A

Editors:

James C Garriott

Pagination:

pp 202-215

Publication Date:

2008

ISBN:

9781933264585

Edition:

Fifth

Media Type:

Print

Features:

References; Tables (1)

Uncontrolled Terms:

Subject Areas:

Highways; Safety and Human Factors; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor

Files:

TRIS

Last Modified:

Aug 16 2010 9:11AM

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