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Title:

Effect of Street Network Design on Walking and Biking

Accession Number:

01151103

Record Type:

Component

Availability:

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Order URL: http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/Pedestrians_2010_165054.aspx

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Order URL: http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780309160742

Abstract:

The objective of this research was to investigate whether a relationship existed between street network characteristics and the transportation modes selected in a neighborhood. Factors such as street characteristics, vehicle volumes, activity levels, income levels, and proximity to limited-access highways and the downtown area were controlled for. The results suggested that all three of the fundamental characteristics of a street network—street connectivity, street network density, and street patterns—were statistically significant in affecting the choice to drive, walk, bike, or take transit. Both increased intersection density and additional street connectivity were generally associated with more walking, biking, and transit use. Street patterns with gridded street networks, which tended to have a higher-than-average street connectivity and a much higher street network density, were associated with much more walking and biking. These results suggested that street network patterns were extremely important for encouraging nonautomobile modes of travel. As the United States begins to focus on reducing vehicle miles traveled as a strategy to combat carbon production and cut energy use, it is increasingly imperative that this relationship between the built environment and mode choice be accounted for in the planning and design of the transportation system.

Monograph Title:

Pedestrians 2010

Monograph Accession #:

01331205

Report Numbers:

10-1463

Language:

English

Authors:

Marshall, Wesley E
Garrick, Norman W

Pagination:

pp 103-115

Publication Date:

2010

Serial:

Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board

Issue Number: 2198
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISSN: 0361-1981

ISBN:

9780309160742

Media Type:

Print

Features:

Figures (2) ; References (30) ; Tables (3)

Candidate Terms:

Uncontrolled Terms:

Subject Areas:

Design; Environment; Highways; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Public Transportation; I15: Environment; I20: Design and Planning of Transport Infrastructure

Files:

TRIS, TRB, ATRI

Created Date:

Jan 25 2010 10:39AM

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