POT-INDIA: POSSIBLE ABATEMENT OF AIR POLLUTION FROM URBAN TRAFFIC IN INDIA
Air pollution is a serious problem in all mega cities in the world. In the developing countries, these problems can be even more critical than in the developed countries. The reason is the rapid growth of transport intensity, urbanisation and population growth. Another reason for the negative trend is that emission regulations have not been introduced to the same extent as in the developed countries. The increased cost, complicated maintenance and the lack of qualtiy fuel are several reasons for the delay in the introduction of emission regulations. The aim of this report has been to generate some documentation that can be used in discussions with governmental and municipal authorities, as well as with the industry. Since the air pollution situation in India is so acute, immediate actions are necessary to reverse the current trend. Therefore, this study considers measures that could be taken on short term but nevertheless considering that the actions proposed also must be relevant on a long-term basis. Data for this study have been collected through literature surveys and interviews. A visit in India for one week was made in order to collect data from India and to meet with people from different organisations. Five vehicle categories were assessed. Reformulated conventional fuels in combination with new technology, e.g. petrol cars with catalysts and heavy-duty diesel vehicles with particulate traps, are two options. Compressed natural gas (CNG) is also an option for buses. Socio-economic calculations showed that CNG and diesel with particulate trap were two options that were beneficial compared to the base case. The report is available as a PDF file (3 MB): http://www.ecotraffic.se/pdf/cseindia.pdf.
BRANDBERG, A A
Economics; Energy; Environment; Motor Carriers; Public Transportation; Vehicles and Equipment
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
Linköping SE-581 95 Sweden
Jan 13 2004 12:00AM