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Title:

DETERMINANTS OF INJURY SEVERITY WITH CHILD EXPOSURE TO PASSENGER AIR BAG DEPLOYMENT

Accession Number:

00781409

Record Type:

Component

Availability:

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Order URL: http://worldcat.org/isbn/1860582400

Abstract:

In this paper, a comparison study was conducted between two groups of children between one and twelve years of age exposed to passenger air bag deployment. Group 1 was composed of children fatally injured by passenger air bag exposure and investigated by the Special Crash Investigation Program of the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Group 2, the comparison group, was composed of children exposed to passenger air bgs, but suffering minor injury and was selected through the Partners for Child Passenger Safety Study, a unique mechanism for identifying children in crashes. The crash severity as measured by delta v was not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.35). The most striking difference between the two groups was the pattern of restraint usage. Lap shoulder belt use was twelve times as high in group 2 than in group1. In addition,pre-impact braking was 2.5 times more comon in group 1. These results indicate the importance of pre-crash positioning as a risk factor in child exposure to air bag deployment. In addition, the average height and weight of the children in the group 2 correspond to at least a fifth percentile eleven-year-old. This relationship suggests that size and restraint status rather than age are important determinants of air bag injury risk. (A) For the covering abstract see IRRD E103261.

Language:

English

Corporate Authors:

PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING PUBLICATIONS LTD

NORTHGATE AVENUE
BURY ST EDMUNDS, SUFFOLK IP32 6BW United Kingdom

Authors:

Arbogast, K B

Pagination:

p. 71-9

Publication Date:

1999

ISBN:

1-86058-240-0

Features:

References (12)

Subject Areas:

Safety and Human Factors

Source Agency:

Transport Research Laboratory

Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride
Wokingham, Berkshire RG40 3GA United Kingdom

Source Data:

IRRD E103627

Files:

ITRD

Last Modified:

Jan 7 2000 12:00AM

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