MARINE ACCIDENT REPORT: M/T ELIAS EXPLOSION AND FIRE AT THE ATLANTIC RICHFIELD COMPANY, FORT MIFFLIN TERMINAL, DELAWARE RIVER, PENNSYLVANIA, APRIL 9, 1974
On April 9, 1974, the tanker MT ELIAS (Greek), while discharging crude oil, exploded, burned, and sank at the Atlantic Richfield Company Fort Mifflin Terminal on the Delaware River at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The ELIAS was destroyed; five crew members and three visitors were killed; four crew members and one visitor are missing and presumed dead. The tanker SS STEINIGER (Liberian) at the next berth was slightly damaged, and surrounding waters were polluted with oil. Damage to the ARCO terminal was estimated to be $2 million. The sunken hulk of the ELIAS obstructed use of the berth for 19 months. The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the inadequate maintenance of cargo tanks and the sanitary system, which allowed volatile cargo vapors to enter compartments containing ignition sources. The location of accommodations over cargo tanks contributed to the loss of life.
National Transportation Safety Board
490 L'Enfant Plaza, SW
Old TRIS Terms:
Marine Transportation; Safety and Human Factors
Maritime Technical Information Facility
Jul 27 1994 12:00AM