TRID
Text Size:

Title:

IMPACT OF HIGHWAYS ON URBAN NEIGHBORHOODS: A MODEL OF SOCIAL CHANGE

Accession Number:

00240062

Record Type:

Component

Availability:

Transportation Research Board Business Office

500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001 USA
Order URL: http://www.trb.org/publications/pages/262.aspx

Find a library where document is available

Order URL: http://worldcat.org/isbn/0309019692

Abstract:

THIS PAPER DESCRIBES A MODEL OF URBAN NEIGHBORHOODS IN WHICH CERTAIN PHYSICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A NEIGHBORHOOD ARE RELATED TO THE AMOUNT OF SOCIAL INTERACTION THAT OCCURS WITHIN THAT NEIGHBORHOOD. ONCE PROPERLY VALIDATED, THIS MODEL MIGHT BE USED TO ESTIMATE THE CHANGES IN SOCIAL INTERACTION IN URBAN NEIGHBORHOODS AS A RESULT OF HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS. IT IS PROPOSED THAT THE DEGREE TO WHICH A SPECIFIED GEOGRAPHIC AREA FUNCTIONS AS A NEIGHBORHOOD BE CALCULATED IN TERMS OF THE AMOUNT OF SOCIAL INERACTION AND COHESION EVIDENCED BY THE RESIDENTS' SHARED BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS (PERSONAL INTERACTION, USE OF LOCAL FACILITIES, AND PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS) AND PERCEPTUAL PATTERNS (IDENTIFICATION WITH LOCAL AREA, COMMITMENT, AND EVALUATION). THROUGH THE USE OF FACTOR ANALYSIS, THESE VARIABLES CAN BE COMBINED INTO A SINGLE NUMBER, CALLED THE NEIGHBORHOOD SOCIAL INTERACTION INDEX. THIS INDEX IS USEFUL IN THAT IT IS HIGHLY PREDICTABLE FROM DATA (CALLED DESCRIPTORS) THAT DESCRIBE SPECIFIC PHYSICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD. THESE DESCRIPTORS ARE MOBILITY OF THE POPULATION (WHICH EXPLAINS MOST OF THE VARIANCE IN THE INDEX), LAND USE MIX, AND HOUSING DENSITY. THE INFLUENCE OF HIGHWAYS ON THE NEIGHBORHOOD SOCIAL INTERACTION INDEX CAN BE PREDICTED BY ESTIMATING HIGHWAY-RELATED CHANGES IN THESE 3 DESCRIPTORS. HIGHWAY CHARACTERISTICS THAT COULD CHANGE THESE NEIGHBORHOOD DESCRIPTORS ARE AMOUNT OF LAND TAKEN AND PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHWAY WITH RESPECT TO THE SPATIAL DISPERSION OF THESE DESCRIPTORS. HIGHWAY CHARACTERISTICS THAT COULD CHANGE INTRANEIGHBORHOOD ACCESSIBILITY ARE THE PRECEDING TWO PLUS NUMBER OF CROSSOVERS PER MILE AND ELEVATION OF THE ROADWAY. THE NEIGHBORHOOD SOCIAL INTERACTION INDEX, WHEN VALIDATED, COULD BE USED IN MAKING DECISIONS REGARDING THE NEIGHBORHOODS THROUGH WHICH THE HIGHWAY SHOULD BE ROUTED, WHERE THE HIGHWAY SHOULD BE LOCATED WITHIN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, AND THE CHARACTER THE HIGHWAY SHOULD HAVE WITHIN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. /AUTHOR/

Supplemental Notes:

No 356, pp 85-94, 1 TAB, 12 REF

Monograph Accession #:

01035879

Authors:

Burkhardt, J E

Publication Date:

1971

Serial:

Highway Research Record

Issue Number: 356
Publisher: Highway Research Board

ISBN:

0309019692

Uncontrolled Terms:

Old TRIS Terms:

Subject Areas:

Economics; Highways; Society

Files:

TRIS, TRB

Last Modified:

Oct 24 2006 11:02AM

More Articles from this Serial Issue: