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Title:

Evaluation of Unintended Training Effects from Collision Scenarios in a Simulated Assessment for Young Novice Drivers

Accession Number:

01477730

Record Type:

Component

Availability:

Transportation Research Board Business Office

500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001 USA

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Order URL: http://worldcat.org/oclc/13-1721

Abstract:

Simulated driving assessments have the benefit of safely exposing drivers to hazardous scenarios in order to evaluate performance. However, as hazards actualize, there is the potential for altering drivers’ subsequent simulator performance, such as increased vigilance and decreased number of driving performance errors. The goal of this manuscript is to preliminarily explore unintended training effects of a simulator protocol by comparing observed driving performance errors over baseline and interim points in a simulated assessment. Twenty novice teen drivers completed four experimental drives which were designed to replicate collision scenarios from the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey. Participants did not receive any feedback about their performance during the study. In order to assess errors, the authors incorporated three standard intersections in each experimental drive: 1) 2-way stop sign intersection; 2) 4-way stop sign intersection; and 3) left turn intersection with a stop sign. For each standard intersection, they examined simulator recorded data coded to detect speeding and stopping errors and eye tracking video data coded to detect traffic check errors. The analysis used a sum score of errors in performance in the standardized intersections. Over the baseline and interim points, they observed similar observed numbers of errors, even after hazards actualized or simulated crashes occurred. Using a paired t-test, the total errors were not statistically significant different between baseline and Interim 4. In conclusion, preliminary evidence suggests that teens’ driving performance did not demonstrate an unintended training effect as a result of participation in the simulated assessment.

Supplemental Notes:

This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ANB30 Operator Education and Regulation.

Monograph Accession #:

01470560

Report Numbers:

13-2794

Language:

English

Corporate Authors:

Transportation Research Board

500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001 USA

Authors:

McDonald, Catherine C
Lee, Yi-Ching
Tanenbaum, Jason B
Seacrist, Thomas
Romoser, Matthew R E
Winston, Flaura K

Pagination:

13p

Publication Date:

2013

Conference:

Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting

Location: Washington DC
Date: 2013-1-13 to 2013-1-17
Sponsors: Transportation Research Board

Media Type:

Digital/other

Features:

Figures; References

Subject Areas:

Highways; Safety and Human Factors; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor

Source Data:

Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2013 Paper #13-2794

Files:

TRIS, TRB, ATRI

Last Modified:

Apr 9 2013 9:26AM