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Title:

Carbon Capture in Vehicles: A Review of General Support, Available Mechanisms, and Consumer Acceptance Issues
Cover of Carbon Capture in Vehicles: A Review of General Support,
Available Mechanisms, and Consumer Acceptance Issues

Accession Number:

01376093

Record Type:

Monograph

Availability:

University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

2901 Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2150 USA

National Technical Information Service

5301 Shawnee Road
Alexandria, VA 22312 USA
Order Number: PB2013-103569

Abstract:

This survey of the feasibility of introducing carbon capture and storage (CCS) into light vehicles starts by reviewing the level of international support for CCS in general. While there have been encouraging signs that CCS is gaining acceptance as a means to reduce carbon emissions, the overall outlook looks somewhat mixed. Recent developments in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), Germany, India, and China are discussed to obtain an indication of how likely it is that CCS technologies will gain acceptance in each respective country. Fossil fuels continue to be a versatile means of energy storage, especially compared with many low-emissions alternatives. This is noted because, apart from reduced fuel consumption, CCS technology is key to reducing Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions produced by the use of fossil fuels in transportation. Primary focus in this review was placed on post-combustion-capture technologies because these mechanisms are most easily adapted for use with the existing fleet of internal combustion engines. Three post-combustion-capture mechanisms were described: absorption, membrane separation, and adsorption. Considerations about the consumer’s operational costs were discussed, including storage management of captured CO2, additional energy costs to support separation and storage, discharge procedures, and vehicle maintenance costs. Models of consumer inclination to adopt new technologies were also reviewed. An important component of a consumer’s motivation to adopt eco-friendly transport is perceived financial benefit. This suggests that incentives beyond reduced emissions may be required to motivate consumer adoption of vehicle-based CCS because the link between emissions and fuel consumption may change.

Report/Paper Numbers:

UMTRI-2012-12

Language:

English

Corporate Authors:

University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

2901 Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2150 USA

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Sustainable Worldwide Transportation
2901 Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA

Authors:

Sullivan, John M
Sivak, Michael

Pagination:

42p

Publication Date:

2012-5

Media Type:

Web

Features:

Figures; References

Uncontrolled Terms:

Subject Areas:

Energy; Highways; Vehicles and Equipment; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety

Files:

TRIS

Created Date:

Jul 18 2012 7:12PM